What are the Different Types of Assault and Punishment Ranges?

Assault is defined in several ways in Texas Penal Code Chapter 22. There are different forms of assault and different punishment ranges for each type of assault. The type of assault and punishment is defined by the elements listed in Penal Code Chapter 22.

Class C Assault

The lowest form of assault is considered a Class C Misdemeanor. The highest penalty one can receive for a Class C Misdemeanor assault is a fine that can be no higher than $500. This type of assault is committed when a person intentionally or knowingly causes physical contact with another when that person knows or should know that the contact is offensive or provocative.

Class A Assault

Assault can also be punished as a Class A Misdemeanor with a punishment ranging up to 1 year in jail and a maximum fine of $4,000. This type of assault is committed when a person intentionally, knowingly, or recklessly causes bodily injury to another, including the person’s spouse. There is no class B assault, it jumps from C to A.

3rd Degree Felony Assault

If in the course of the assault the actor intentionally, knowingly, or recklessly impedes the normal breathing of the alleged victim in the case by applying pressure to that person’s neck or throat or by blocking that person’s nose or mouth, the Assault is then charged as a 3rd-degree Felony. A 3rd degree Felony has a punishment range of anywhere from 2-10 years in jail with a fine not to exceed $10,000.

2nd Degree Aggravated Assault

Aggravated Assault is defined in Texas Penal Code Section 22.02 along with the types of punishment. If a person intentionally, knowingly, or recklessly causes bodily injury to another person AND either causes serious bodily injury or uses or exhibits a deadly weapon during the assault, the assault is charged as a 2nd-degree felony. A 2nd-degree felony has a punishment range anywhere from 2-20 years in jail with a fine not to exceed $10,000.

1st Degree Aggravated Assault

The highest form of felony punishment for an assaultive offense is a 1st-degree felony with a punishment ranging anywhere from 5-99 years in jail with a fine not to exceed $10,000. This is also considered an Aggravated Assault, but with additional elements, such as using a deadly weapon and causing serious bodily injury to a family member, against a public servant, or discharging a firearm from a motor vehicle that causes serious bodily injury to another.

If you or anyone you know is facing an assault charge, the variations of the charge can differ greatly depending on the facts of your case. Give Guest and Gray a call today and let us help you or your loved one.

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